Painful and irritating, hemorrhoids are swollen blood vessels. Most people who suffer from hemorrhoids do not need hemorrhoid surgery. However, if you have a severe case of hemorrhoids that does not seem to be disappearing with home treatment, then surgical removal is the route to go down. In most cases, just eating healthy and taking over-the-counter medication is all that you really need to do.
It is also worth noting that there are some other strategies that a doctor may be able to utilize before they go down the surgery route. For example, the use of lasers. These are very efficient and they can be carried out in the comfort of your doctor’s office.
The lasers tend to be comfortable too with no long-term symptoms. However, some people find that they are not all that great when it comes to larger hemorrhoids or hemorrhoids which are bleeding severely. In some cases, the hemorrhoids may return, even after this operation. Therefore, hemorrhoid surgery may be all that is left on the table.
Don’t worry, hemorrhoid surgery has come a long way in recent years. It is safer than ever before, and there are various options available. Here are five of them.
One of the most popular methods for dealing with hemorrhoids is a hemorrhoidectomy. This method is for dealing with external hemorrhoids that are causing severe pain. This method is used to remove the hemorrhoids within 72 hours of them first appearing. In order to remove the hemorrhoids, a small incision will be made over the hemorrhoids. The surgeon will then continue to make cuts around the hemorrhoids until they are taken away.
While a hemorrhoidectomy is a relatively safe procedure, the doctor will need to take great care to ensure that they do not cut into the muscles. It is likely that you will have local anesthesia injected into you just before the hemorrhoidectomy takes place. This will ensure that you do not feel anything throughout the procedure.
A hemorrhoidectomy will be carried out on an outpatient basis. This means that you will probably be able to go home soon after the treatment has concluded. However, it is perhaps worth noting that the area will need stitches. This can cause the area to be very painful a short while after the treatment has concluded.
Many people will report a dull ache in their rectum for at least 24 hours after the conclusion of the treatment, although any OTC medication should be able to help.
2. Rubber Band Litigation
With this treatment, a small rubber band will be tied to the base of the hemorrhoid. It will be wrapped around so tightly that the blood supply will be cut off. Since there will be no blood supply to the hemorrhoid, it will naturally drop off in around a week, sometimes up to 10 days.
One of the major benefits of this over the previous method is that you can use it on both internal and external hemorrhoids. The procedure for dealing with internal hemorrhoids is a little bit more complicated. The doctor will insert a tool, known as a ligator, into the anal canal. They will then grab the hemorrhoids with some forceps. After this, it is a case of inserting the rubber band around the hemorrhoid.
Read also: Treat hemorrhoids with the Hemorrhoid Banding Procedure – CRH O’Regan System (hemorrhoid treatment without surgery)
Once the hemorrhoid has fallen off, the treatment will be complete. There will be a small scar left behind, but this is going to be barely noticeable. The impact that this treatment has on you will be dependent on you. Some people may be able to get back to their day-to-day life instantly. Others may need to rest in bed for a few days.
3. Prolapse and Hemorrhoids (PPH)
This treatment is often known as ‘stapled hemorrhoidectomy’. This is used on prolapsed hemorrhoids. The prolapsed hemorrhoids will need to be dealt with sharpish as if they are not dealt with, they can be pretty dangerous. The doctor will use a stapler to angle the prolapsed hemorrhoids back into position. The staple will also help to cut off the blood supply to the hemorrhoids. This, over time, will cause the hemorrhoids to shrivel and then fall off.
For the most part, this is a painless procedure as the hemorrhoid will be stapled in an area where there is barely a nerve ending. This means that, in most cases, you should be able to go home right after the completion of the treatment. In fact, this treatment is so ‘pain free’, you may not even need to take medication to dull the pain.
This treatment is used for dealing with small, internal hemorrhoids. With this treatment, a chemical will be applied to the hemorrhoids. This chemical is designed to harden them and scar the inflamed tissue. This, over time, will reduce the amount of blood flowing into the hemorrhoid. This will cause them to fall off. Before that, though, the hemorrhoid will stop bleeding.
The chemical will be administered by way of a shot. However, it is unlikely that you will feel any pain. There are no known risks with this treatment. This method is actually great for those who are currently taking blood thinning medication as no cut will need to be made.
As with the other treatments on this list, you will be able to walk out of the surgery the same day.
This treatment uses infrared light, heat, or cold. The actual method will be dependent on the hemorrhoids. The purpose is to stimulate a reaction in the hemorrhoids. This will cause them to shrink. At the same time, your doctor may utilize a technique known as anoscopy. This is where a small scope will be inserted into your rectum. This will allow the doctor to get a good idea about the hemorrhoids. This is one of the most successful treatments for dealing with hemorrhoids.